Cultural diversity refers to the differences among individuals based on their personal experiences and attributes.
A person's culture may include their race, ethnicity, gender identity, gender expression, sexual orientation, nationality, language, religion, political affiliation, and socioeconomic background. Additionally, cultural norms may be influenced by these differences, such as peer and social group interactions and family or community values.
Often, cultural and linguistic diversities are mentioned together (CLD). While cultural diversity may often include linguistic diversity, the two terms are not interchangeable.
Special educators must be culturally responsive to all students, especially those students with disabilities whose culture may influence their educational decisions and outcomes.